x356........Under

5* ¶ And when Jesus was entered into Capernaum, there came unto him a centurion, beseeching him, 6* And saying, Lord, my servant lieth at home sick of the palsy, grievously tormented. 7* And Jesus saith unto him, I will come and heal him. 8* The centurion answered and said, Lord, I am not worthy that thou shouldest come under my roof: but speak the word only, and my servant shall be healed. 9* For I am a man under authority, having soldiers under me: and I say to this man, Go, and he goeth; and to another, Come, and he cometh; and to my servant, Do this, and he doeth it. 10* When Jesus heard it, he marvelled, and said to them that followed, Verily I say unto you, I have not found so great faith, no, not in Israel. (Matthew 8:5-10)

9* For I am a man under authority,

What does it mean to be "under authority"? The word translated here as "under" is the following Greek--

hupo {hoop-o'} prep

---- of 116, by 42, under 48, with 14, in 1, not tr 6, misc 3; 230

1) by, under


this word is most often translated as "of"---use the word "of" in this case and we will see there real meaning intended--

9* For I am a man (of) authority,

This makes perfect sense now when we read the rest of the story.

The centurion is a man who has been given authority--he is a man "of" authority--He has been give authority over his soldiers by his commanders--therefore he has the right--the authority--the "authorization" to command them to do what he says.

the centurion realizes that Jesus has been given this same type of authority--the Jesus has been given the authorization by God the Father to command sickness to leave.

Jesus calls him a man of faith--because he realizes how faith operates--by speaking--

".....but speak the word only, and my servant shall be healed."

The centurion realizes that Jesus is operating the authority of God by speaking--just as he operates his command by speaking to his soldiers. He realizes that Jesus has been given this authority --to "heal every manner of sickness and disease"--by the power of His word--to destroy the work of the devil in the earth.

the centurion correlates this authority to his authority--the authority that he is "of"--that he operates and functions under---not the authority that he is subject to.

If the centurion were "subject to authority" the Bible word say so--instead he says he is "of" authority" rather than "under" authority.


2 And a certain centurion's servant, who was dear unto him, was sick, and ready to die. 3 And when he heard of Jesus, he sent unto him the elders of the Jews, beseeching him that he would come and heal his servant. 4 And when they came to Jesus, they besought him instantly, saying, That he was worthy for whom he should do this: 5 For he loveth our nation, and he hath built us a synagogue. 6 Then Jesus went with them. And when he was now not far from the house, the centurion sent friends to him, saying unto him, Lord, trouble not thyself: for I am not worthy that thou shouldest enter under my roof: 7 Wherefore neither thought I myself worthy to come unto thee: but say in a word, and my servant shall be healed. 8 For I also am a man set under authority, having under me soldiers, and I say unto one, Go, and he goeth; and to another, Come, and he cometh; and to my servant, Do this, and he doeth it. 9 When Jesus heard these things, he marvelled at him, and turned him about, and said unto the people that followed him, I say unto you, I have not found so great faith, no, not in Israel. (Luke 7:2-9, KJV).

Here were read the same event as recorded in the book of Luke. These verses make the statement of the centurions authority in a more clear way--

8 For I also am a man set under authority,

Here we see the centurion saying that he is a man "set under" authority---this is the Greek of the word translated "set"

tasso {tas'-so}

a prolonged form of a primary verb (which latter appears only in certain tenses); TDNT - 8:27,1156; v

AV - appoint 3, ordain 2, set 1, determine 1, addict 1; 8

1) to put in order, to station 1a) to place in a certain order, to arrange, to assign a place, to appoint 1a1) to assign (appoint) a thing to one 1b) to appoint, ordain, order 1b1) to appoint on one's own responsibility or authority 1b2) to appoint mutually, i.e. agree upon


This is the word for "ordained or appointed"---again we see it is clear that the centurion is saying that he has been appointed to have authority--not that he is "under "the rule of others.

But now let's consider something else---the system that we are dealing with here is definetly NOT the system that Jesus wants us to utilize in the church---it is the specific kingdom of the Gentiles (the "Gentile kings" were most certainly the Roman emperors) that Jesus describes in Luke 22--

"And he said unto them, The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and they that exercise authority upon them are called benefactors." (Luke 22:25, KJV).

The Roman centurion is someone who is "set under" authority in a real sense--he has been placed by his worldly government to have authority --and it has been granted by other people--by rulers who utilize authority over him. This is the system of worldly government and operation, which, whether we realize it or not, has become intrinsic to our concept of church operation and government. But Jesus says in the next verse....

26 But ye shall not be so: but he that is greatest among you, let him be as the younger; and he that is chief, as he that doth serve.
(Luke 22:26, KJV).