x275.....The Pharisees under Roman rule
The leaders of Israel at the time of Jesus had put themselves under the authority of the Roman government.
45 Then many of the Jews which came to Mary, and had seen the things
which Jesus did, believed on him.
46 But some of them went their ways to the Pharisees, and told them what things Jesus had done.
47 Then gathered the chief priests and the Pharisees a council, and said, What do we? for this man doeth many miracles.
48 If we let him thus alone, all men will believe on him: and the Romans shall come and take away both our place and nation.
(John 11:45-48, KJV).
They were afraid of losing their place---AS they state it here--they realized that the Romans would take away their place--their position--their right to rule over others--which is what they had under Roman control. Also proving that Roman governing meant rule, not service, as in Gods kingdom. But in doing this--giving away their authority to the Romans by putting themselves under the authority of Rome--they lost their authority from God. They did not function directly from the power of God--directly in Gods authority--they were "under authority" they were under the authority of Roman specifically (which is the exact spirit of government which Jesus warned the disciples not to put themselves under.)
this is why the pharisees asked Jesus "by what authority" He did miracles--His came directly from God--and the people whom He released--the apostles He chose--functioned directly under the same authority from God.
but the system that Jesus taught them to operate under was one in which all members of the body--all members of the church--operated directly in the authority of God--and specifically not in a system of authority over one another. Specifically the antithesis of the Roman system......
25 And he said unto them, The kings of the Gentiles
exercise lordship over them; and they that exercise authority upon them
are called benefactors.
26 But ye shall not be so: but he that is greatest among you, let him be as the younger; and he that is chief, as he that doth serve.
(Luke 22:25-26, KJV).
Israel was under Roman rule at the time of Jesus. The leaders of Israel had gotten their position or held their position of rulership in the hierarchy (which is the way that Rome operated) by putting themselves under Roman authority. They had to do the commands of Rome--rather than the commands of God directly which was their right as Israelites.
The same spirit of Roman control attacks the church to this day It is the spirit which buried Jesus in the grave for 2 days--and it was the same spirit which was invited into the church after the times of the Bible. The early church put itself under the authority of the Roman government--and to a large extent the church has continued to be under the authority of the Roman government to this day.
The pharisees were rulers by the authority of Rome, and the proof of this is that they were worried about losing their nation, or the rule of it, as stated in John 11.