x107......1Peter 5--who's "subject" to who?

1 The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed: 2 Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind; 3 Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock. 4 And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away. 5 Likewise, ye younger, submit yourselves unto the elder. Yea, all of you be subject one to another, and be clothed with humility: for God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace to the humble. 6 Humble yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of God, that he may exalt you in due time: 7 Casting all your care upon him; for he careth for you. 8 Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour: 9 Whom resist stedfast in the faith, knowing that the same afflictions are accomplished in your brethren that are in the world. 10 But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle you. 11 To him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen. (1 Peter 5:1-11, KJV).


This explanation is for people who are Christians--within the church--how to relate to one another. It has instructions for leaders that are specific and line up exactly with what Jesus said 3 times in the Gospels with relationship to whom has authority in the church--

25* But Jesus called them unto him, and said, Ye know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, and they that are great exercise authority upon them. 26* But it shall not be so among you: but whosoever will be great among you, let him be your minister; 27* And whosoever will be chief among you, let him be your servant: 28* Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many." (Matthew 20:25-28)

42 But Jesus called them to him, and saith unto them, Ye know that they which are accounted to rule over the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and their great ones exercise authority upon them. 43 But so shall it not be among you: but whosoever will be great among you, shall be your minister: 44 And whosoever of you will be the chiefest, shall be servant of all. 45 For even the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many." (Mark 10:42-45)

25* And he said unto them, The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and they that exercise authority upon them are called benefactors. 26* But ye shall not be so: but he that is greatest among you, let him be as the younger; and he that is chief, as he that doth serve. 27 For whether is greater, he that sitteth at meat, or he that serveth? is not he that sitteth at meat? but I am among you as he that serveth. (Luke 22:25-27)


The greatest among a group of Christians will be "as the younger"--

5 Likewise, ye younger, submit yourselves unto the elder. Yea, all of you be subject one to another, and be clothed with humility: for God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace to the humble.

WE all are meant to be "subject" to one another. This word "subject" is the very same word that is used previously regarding the elders over the younger---the first time it is translated as "submit" the second item it is translated as "be subject"--

hupotasso {hoop-ot-as'-so} v

-----put under 6, be subject unto 6, be subject to 5, submit (one's) self unto 5, submit (one's) self to 3, be in subjection unto 2, put in subjection under 1, misc 12; 40

1) to arrange under, to subordinate 2) to subject, put in subjection 3) to subject one's self, obey 4) to submit to one's control 5) to yield to one's admonition or advice 6) to obey, be subject

++++ A Greek military term meaning "to arrange [troop divisions] in a military fashion under the command of a leader". In non-military use, it was "a voluntary attitude of giving in, cooperating, assuming responsibility, and carrying a burden".


This is also the same word used in Hebrews 13:17--

17 Obey them that have the rule over you, and submit yourselves: for they watch for your souls, as they that must give account, that they may do it with joy, and not with grief: for that is unprofitable for you. (Hebrews 13:17, KJV).

There is no distinction between Christians--there is not supposed to be, at least--any distinction amongst ourselves. There is not any special group of people who are to have greater rule or authority or power in the church between Christians--there is no such thing as Christians "rule" between Christians in a church. We are all to be "subject" to one another. Since the ruler of the church is supposed to be Christ--since He is supposed to have all power and authority--and be the Head of the church--we, as brothers and sisters, are meant to all be subject to one another--on an equal basis--on a common level. Do we do this ---really?


If you notice the Greek word "hupatasso" has two types of meanings--

++++ A Greek military term meaning "to arrange [troop divisions] in a military fashion under the command of a leader". In non-military use, it was "a voluntary attitude of giving in, cooperating, assuming responsibility, and carrying a burden".

This word has a "military" meaning and a "non-military" meaning. I believe that the tradition of most Christians churches is to take after the military meaning--"to arrange people under the command of a leader"

But, barring in mind the context that this word is used in the bible--the fact that in 1Peter 5 we see clearly that the same "subjection' is to the elder as is to all the people of the church (elder to younger) and taking into consideration that words of Jesus to His apostles--not to utilize authority over one another but rather the greatest shall be the servant of all--it is clear that the intention of the writers of the Bible was the "non-military" use of the word--

"a voluntary attitude of giving in, cooperating, assuming responsibility, and carrying a burden".

This is what the Bible is clearly saying ought to be the way Christians "arrange themselves" together--how we ought to think of one another amongst ourselves--Certainly not the military "subjection:" of troops under a single commander but rather the arranging by the voluntary attitude to cooperate together and to carry one another burdens amongst all together.


There is a real challenge in the words that Jesus gave His apostles in Matthew 20--Mark 10 and Luke 22. It describes a system by which all serve one another .

"whosoever will be great among you, let him be your minister;"

this word "minister" is--

diakonos {dee-ak'-on-os} n m/f

---- minister 20, servant 8, deacon 3; 31

1) one who executes the commands of another, esp. of a master, a servant, attendant, minister 1a) the servant of a king 1b 1c) a waiter, one who serves food and drink


This is the word which is the same as the word used to describe the gifts that are given unto every one of us to serve God--they describe the fact that the greatest--the "ministers" among us must be the servants of all--absolutely NOT the rulers of all. Leadership amongst Christians is servanthood--not dictatorship--of course depending on the meaning of this word "submit".

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Part 2. Definition by tradition--

diakonos {dee-ak'-on-os} n m/f

---- minister 20, servant 8, deacon 3; 31

1) one who executes the commands of another, esp. of a master, a servant, attendant, minister 1a) the servant of a king 1b) a deacon, one who, by virtue of the office assigned to him by the church, cares for the poor and has charge of and distributes the money collected for their use 1c) a waiter, one who serves food and drink

1b) a deacon, one who, by virtue of the office assigned to him by the church, cares for the poor and has charge of and distributes the money collected for their use


This is a remarkable definition in that it totally does not line up with the word of God but rather with the tradition that has been assigned to "ministry". Notice how that the "deacon" is said to be the person who collects the money in the church for the poor. This is a nice idea by tradition--but it totally ignores that fact that if this really was an " office " of the church--the gifts that the "diakoniai" are supposed to be using are the gifts described in Ephesians 4:11-12.....

11 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; 12 For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ: (Ephesians 4:11-12, KJV).

These gifts are the ones the Bible says are "for the working of the "diakonia" not the collection and distribution to the poor. Certainly we are meant to help the poor--Peter rebuked Paul about just this thing--but the gift that the "diakonos" are meant to function under are the gift of the Anointed One and His anointing--apostles prophets evangelists pastors and teachers.

It's hard for us to understand, since it goes against our church experience. But, that fact is that the pastor is a deacon! This may thoroughly confuse you, but please understand that the Bible tells us that ministry is NOT a title of rulership, but an act of service. The gifts which God has given "every one of us" are anointings--functions which any of us are supposed to be able to do freely. A true pastoral anointing, is the guiding act of releasing others to their ministry. This gift, (along with that of the prophet, evangelist, apostle and teacher) is supposed to be a function which any of us can perform under the authority of God--in order to serve others. If we did one of these anointings (which, whether we realize it or not, all true Christians have done many times!!)--we are serving---we are therefore "diakonos".

See---you've already been a pastor and a prophet and an apostle--as well as a deacon--and you didn't even know it!!