x101.........All uses of the word "diatithemi"

diatithemai {dee-at-ith'-em-ahee} v

----make 3, testator 2, appoint 2; 7

1) to arrange, dispose of, one's own affairs 1a) of something that belongs to one 1b) to dispose of by will, make a testament

2) to make a covenant, enter into a covenant, with one


This Greek word is used in the Bible in only seven instances. Each one of them deals with the concept of the New Covenant--the New Testament. Five of these uses are in the book of Hebrews, which is the book of the Bible which speaks the most of the New Covenant--the blessings that we have as Christians--the promise of God which came to us through the blood of Jesus.

Covenant references are certainly very important for us to understand, as they relate to us the new expectations--which are different from the Old Covenant. The Old depended on the blood of animals as offerings in order to purge sin--but in the new Covenant---

14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? 15 ¶ And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance. 16 For where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator. 17 For a testament is of force after men are dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth. (Hebrews 9: 14-17)

These verse alone states quite clearly that the cause--the purpose-- of the New Covenant, is to do the complete work of redemption-- which is to forgive us of our transgressions, give us the promise of eternal inheritance--and in this life--purge our conscience from dead works, in order that we can "serve the living God".

Jesus is spoken of here as the "testator" the "diatithemi"--the One who makes the covenant between man and God.


Once again we see the other uses of this word "diatithemi"--translated as the word "make" in English. Again it speaks of the covenant--the New Covenant that we as Christians have by the work of Jesus.

Heb 8:10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:

Heb 10:16 This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them;

So we see that this word is a very important word in the Bible as it refers specifically to the New Covenant--it refers to the new way of doing things that God asks of us. It speaks of the New Rules--the way that God desires for things to go in this new promised covenant between mankind and Himself.


But there is one other time in the Bible when this word is used--this word that describes the covenant way of doing things......

25 And he said unto them, The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and they that exercise authority upon them are called benefactors. 26 But ye shall not be so: but he that is greatest among you, let him be as the younger; and he that is chief, as he that doth serve. 27 For whether is greater, he that sitteth at meat, or he that serveth? is not he that sitteth at meat? but I am among you as he that serveth. 28 Ye are they which have continued with me in my temptations. 29 And I appoint unto you a kingdom, as my Father hath appointed unto me; (Luke 22:25-29)

This time the word "diatithemei" is translated as "appoint and appointed". This word which speaks of the covenant way of doing things is used in only these places in the New Testament. In the book of Hebrews--which is describing and explaining the basics of the New Covenant, and this one other place--in which Jesus Himself is speaking.

In these verse, Jesus describes 2 kingdoms. He describes 2 ways of operating kingdoms--two ways of leading kingdoms.

In the "kingdom of the Gentiles" (specifically the then-ruling Roman government!) the leaders rules by using "authority" (power--"exhousia") over others--and those whom he is ruling consider this to be beneficial to them.

This system is the system of rulership in the world. It is the most familiar system we operate under. It is the system of businesses which have owners--"CEO's"--boards of directors--whatever the name of the leadership--they have authority over the others within the group.

This is the system of all worldly governments--not just dictatorships but democracies (in which we vote in people who then "exercise authority" over us).

The most evil embodiment of this system was in fact the Roman empirical government--in which an emperor fought his way to the top of leadership, and exercised absolute power and authority over his subjects.

This was the system of leadership of all the kingdoms of Europe--all the "Christians kingdoms" of the dark ages--the middle ages--and the post-reformation kingdoms--including the kingdom of King James--for whom our central English translation of the Bible was created!

This system is so totally familiar to us, and the second system so totally foreign to us, that we have no real idea or concept of how to operate the correct covenant system which Jesus "appoints' to us. The only real example of this perfect kingdom of service to others which we have is the perfect ministry of Jesus Christ.

Jesus demonstrated to us what this covenant of serve was to be. He sums it up in these verses--verses which seemingly have never been preached in our churches--in the mad dash to preserve the wrong kingdom which has been suffocating the church for 1700 years.

How do I know that we are operating the church under the wrong type of kingdom and not under the covenant kingdom?

Simple--ask any Christian what their definition is of "pastoral authority"--the certain answer will be something like this--"God has set some people in the church--who have authority over others. If we submit to this authority in the church it will benefit us"--Is this not the exact definition of the "kingdom of the Gentiles"?

Again, this covenant word "diatithemi"--which is only used on these few occasions in the Bible--is used specifically here--by Jesus Himself--to stress to the apostles--and so to us--how He desires His New Covenant church to be operated---How He desires leadership to operate in the New Covenant.

The question remains--have we followed these words in our churches today? Or are we operating our churches under the much more familiar system which is found in the world, and handed down to us by tradition?